A unique among the most stunning places of the Pink City is the City palace. The beautiful palace is the best example of unique combination of Rajasthani and Mughal architectural designs. Situated in the heart of the old City, the place attracts visitors from all over the world. Thousands of visitors from across the world visit this beautiful City Palace every year to witness and feel the beauty and charm of the palace.
History– The City Palace was the place the Maharaja of Jaipur ruled from. He was the King who leaded the Kachwaha clan. The City Palace housed the throne of the Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur who headed the Kachwaha Rajput clan. He ruled Amber from 1699 to 1744. In 1727, due to water problems and an increase in population, he shifted from Amer to Jaipur and then started the construction of the city palace which is spread over several acres.
He first ordered to build the outer wall of the city palace. The task of architectural designing was given to the chief architect Vidyadhar Bhattarcharya by the Maharaja. The architect designed this grand Palace according to the Vaastushastra texts. The task of building City Palace was started in 1729 and it took three whole years to complete this task. The city palace was entirely constructed in 1732.
Building design – In spite of being designed in Vaastushastra form, the palace beautifully reflects the fusion of Mughar, Rajput and European architectural designs. Tourists can witness here the perfect bend of design, art, culture and colors in every corner of the city palace. Richly decorated gateways of the City Palace are the key attraction. Virendra Pol, Udai Pol and Tripolia Gate are the three entrance gates the the City Palace. Udai Pol and Virendra Pol are used by the tourists while the third one, Tripolia Gate is used by the Royal family members. Other main attractions are Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Pitam Niwas Chowk, Diwan-I-Khas, Diwan-E-Aam, Maharani palace, Bhaggi Khana, Govind Dev ji Temple.
Mubarak Mahal is the two floored Mahal. It was more of the reception cener. It is also popular as the ‘palace of welcome’. In the late 19th century, Maharaja Madho Singh II designed and built this Mahal. Another prime attraction is Chandra Mahal or ‘Chandra Niwas’, situated in the western end of the Palace among lovely gardens and lake. The five floors have been named as Pitam-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Sukh-Niwas, Shri-Niwas, Mukut Mahal and Chabi-Niwas. Unique paintings, beautiful mirror work and floral adornments are used to decorate the walls but the visitors are allowed to see only the ground floor. The inner courtyard, Pitam Niwas Chowk lies during the walk to Chandra Mahal. It contains four entry points which are also known as Ridhi Sidhi Pol. Every gate has its own charm and importance and these four gateways are the symbol of the four seasons and are specially dedicated to the Hindo lords.
Diwane-I-Khas is the private audience hall. It is also known as ‘Sarvato Bhadra’ which means the place is open from all four sides but does not have corners. The main attraction of the place are the two 1.6 metres high vessels of pure silver. They are having a volume of 4000 litres and weighing 340 kilograms. Being the world’s largest sterling silver vessels, these are recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records.
Diwan-E-Aam or ‘Sabha Niwas’ is another hall which was used for public gatherings and social events. It houses the Golden throne, which is also known as Takth-e-Rawal. This beautiful throne was used as the seat of the Raja. This beautiful hall has been converted into a stunning art gallery which displays rare unique paintings of Mughal, Rajasthani and Persian art.
Maharani’s Palace was the place occupied by the Royal queen. Currently, the place is converted into a museum that houses arms and weapons of the royal clan. In Bhaggi Khana, tourists can see several kinds of old carriages, European cabs and palanquins which were used by the royal family during ancient times.
Last but not the least, there is a beautiful Govind Dev ji Temple in the City Palace. It is specially dedicated to Lord Krishna. It was built in the early 18th century. Maharaja built this temple to get the clear view of the temple while sitting in the Chandra Niwas. Prayers are offered seven times in a day here.
Another attraction is the Peacock Gate which is very unique. So if you want to get the glimpse of beautiful royal life, don’t forget to miss this place during your trip to Rajasthan.