Jaipur, the Pink City is the best example of royal Culture. It houses several monuments and places which hold the rich history and heritage of our ancient times. Hawa Mahal or the “Palace of winds” is the best symbol of such historic places. Located in the Heart of the Pink City, it is one of the most visiting places in Jaipur and attracts tourists from all over the world.
History– The outstanding Hawa Mahal was built by Sawai Pratap Singh who was the Kachhwaha Rajput ruler in 1799. He was the grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, the founder of Jaipur. Sawai Pratap Singh built this beautiful palace as a continuation of the stunning City Palace. Sawai Pratap Singh was really devoted to Lord Krishna which is visible in this creation too as Hawa Mahal looks a lot like the crown of Lord Krishna. Lal Chand Usta designed this beautiful palace.
There are several stories associated behind the construction of Hawa Mahal. But the tale related to the Purdah System in Rajputs is the main one. It is said that during ancient times, royal women of Rajputs were not permitted to appear in Public places or in front of unknowns. They were supposed to follow only the day to day events and the events which are occurring on the streets. To solve this problem, Hawa Mahal was constructed. The place has several small windows and screened balconies. Using these, royal women could witness the activities of streets without going in Public. By building this, Raja gave the sense of freedom to Rajput Royal women.
Building Design – The beautiful Royal Hawa Mahal is one of the most visited tourist destination in the Pink City which signifies the royal culture of Rajasthan. The palace is constructed of beautiful red and pink sandstone. Hawa Mahal looks like a five storeyed Pyramid. This stunning work is dedicated to Hindu God Krishna and Goddess Radha. Hawa Mahal is Considered as the symbol of Rajputana architecture. The palace stands on a podium and is fifty feet high from base.
The key attraction of the palace is its 953 windows or ‘Jharokhas’. These windows are specially decorated with twisted designs. Through these windows, cool wind enter in the palace and makes the inner environment very cool and pleasant. The entrance of the palace is a door which opens up to a special courtyard which is surrounded by several two-storey building on three sides. There are five storeys of the palace among which top three have the thickness of a single room while the bottom two have several courtyards.
The interior of the palace is very elegant and peaceful. It comprises of passages and pillars which reach to the upper storey. There are no stairs in the palace to reach the upper floors, instead slopes connect these storeys. The palace also houses a archaeological museum. Visitors are often surprised by the very sharp designed exterior of the palace. On the contrary, the interior of Hawa Mahal has been kept simple and elegant. From Hawa Mahal, visitors can get an eye catching view of the Pink City.
Adjacent Tourist Attractions- There are various attractions around Hawa Mahal, for example, the really popular Jantar Mantar, Ram Niwas Bagh, Govind Devji sanctuary, Amer Fort, Nahargarh Fort, BM Birla Planetarium, Jain Temple, Statue Circle, Sisodia Rani Garden etc.
Hawa Mahal is really a stunning historic place so don’t forget to add this place in your list of must visiting places of Jaipur and Rajasthan.